What is Hemp & CBD?

What is Hemp?

Hemp is one of the oldest domesticated crops known to man. It has been used for paper, textiles, and cordage for thousands of years.

Hemp, Marijuana & Cannabis... What's the difference?

In short - Hemp and Marijuana are both part of the cannabis family but are genetically distinct and are further distinguished by use, chemical makeup, and cultivation methods.

Hemp, or industrial hemp, refers to the non-psychoactive varieties of cannabis. Within the cannabis are over 100 compounds called cannabinoids - more on what they are later. The two cannabinoids most commonly talked about at the moment are THC and CBD.  THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is the chemical responsible for marijuana’s psychological effects. An average batch of marijuana contains anywhere from 5-20% THC content. Hemp, on the other hand, has a maxium legal THC level of 0.2% in the UK essentially making it impossible to feel any psychoactive effect or get a “high”. This threshold is heavily regulated. Hemp also has high cannabidiol (CBD) content, which is the cannabinoid that's got so much press recently for its health and wellbeing properties.

As said earlier the cultivation methods of growing hemp compared to marijuana is very different. Hemp can grow planted close to each other in a variety of climates and requires minimal effort and attention. Unlike hemp, marijuana requires a carefully controlled, warm, and humid atmosphere for proper growth.

What happens when you take industrial hemp that has a high CBD content and virtually no THC, and grow it with the care and precision of marijuana ?

You get the organic, premium quality hemp that we use in our products.

For more useful information, here's an article from the Ministry of Hemp.

What Is CBD?

Cannabidiol, better known as CBD, it is one of the 104 chemical compounds known as cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant and is a popular natural remedy used for many common ailments.

Within the cannabis plant there are currently two canabinoids that get the most press - CBD and THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) This is the main psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis, and causes the sensation of getting “high” that’s often associated with marijuana. However, unlike THC, CBD is not psychoactive.

This quality makes CBD an appealing option for those who are looking for relief from pain and other symptoms without the mind-altering effects of marijuana or certain pharmaceutical drugs.

It’s gaining momentum in the health and wellness world, with some scientific studies confirming it may help treat a variety of ailments like chronic pain and anxiety.

How CBD works

All cannabinoids, including CBD, produce effects in the body by attaching to certain receptors.

The human body produces certain cannabinoids on its own. It also has two receptors for cannabinoids, called the CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors.

CB1 receptors are present throughout the body, but many are in the brain.

The CB1 receptors in the brain deal with coordination and movement, pain, emotions, and mood, thinking, appetite, and memories, and other functions. THC attaches to these receptors.

CB2 receptors are more common in the immune system. They affect inflammation and pain.

Researchers once believed that CBD attached to these CB2 receptors, but it now appears that CBD does not attach directly to either receptor.

Instead, it seems to direct the body to use more of its own cannabinoids.

Dr. Billy Demoss & Dr. Josh Axe - CBD Benefits for Pain, Anxiety and More

Excellent, In depth look into Hemp and CBD

Possible Benefits of CBD

Hemp By Nature CBD Benefits
Hemp By Nature CBD vs THc Dr Josh Axe Food as Medacine

This website contains general information about hemp and CBD products, health and nutrition. The information is not to be construed as medical advice and should not be treated as such. The general information on this website is provided “as is” without any representations or warranties, expressed or implied. Hemp By Nature makes no representations or warranties in relation to the health information on this website. You must not rely on the information on this website as an alternative to medical advice from your doctor or other professional healthcare provider.

These are not easy topics to cover in a few paragraphs so as an introduction, here are some useful videos that should help. While the facts on these videos are backed up by numerous studies, please know that the information should not be taken as medical advice. Always seek advice from your doctor.

Simple explanation of the cannabinoids found in cannabis.

A great, simple breakdown of CBD and the Endocannabinoid System

An advanced look at cannabinoids and homeostasis

CBD & THC 101

In depth look at CBD

Ways to take CBD

Here are some useful sites that have a lot of well sourced, easy to digest information! If you have any questions feel free to get in touch.

'What are cannabinoids' - leafscience.com

Five Benefits of CBD - canabomedicalclinic.com

Understanding The Law

What does the law say?

The UK law is in desperate need of an update in regards to cannabis especially in light of the increasing interest in CBD products. Also, there is A LOT of misinformation online at the moment so we are trying really hard to make sure everyone is well informed.

Different hemp and CBD companies seem to interpret the law in different ways so we have spoken to the Cannabis Trade Association UK and the Home Office and here is what has been explained to us.

  • The >0.2% THC law refers only to the growers that hold a license to grow hemp. Just because the hemp is less that 0.2%THC DOES NOT make it legal.
  • Hemp flowers, buds, nugs etc are considered illegal no matter the THC level.
  • Hash and pressed pollen is also illegal in the UK regardless of THC content.
  • Possessing >0.2% THC products can lead to them being confiscated for testing.
  • CBD isolate is legal.
  • 'Full spectrum' CBD products are legal, however technically if any product contains 1mg of THC total (regardless of the total weight) it is considered illegal. The problem is that this is unenforceable. The police would have to confiscate the hemp oils from supermarkets to even begin to enforce this.
  • Ground hemp flowers are legal. A statement from the Home Office in reference to Section 37(1) of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 declares that "Once the separation of the stalk and seeds from the plant has occurred it will not be defined as cannabis."
  • Our hemp products come from hemp plants that are grown legally, containing less than 0.2% THC. They are pre-ground before we import them, making our products completely legal within the UK and EU.

Here are some useful links regarding this subject.

Clear - Cannabis Law Reform: CBD Flower Warning

The Misuse Of Drugs Regulation 2001: Revised Version Here

The Cannabis Trade Association Here

If you have any questions or concerns feel free to contact us.